- Spartacus League
- Composed of left radicals in the German Social Democratic Party (SPD) during and immediately after World War I, the Spartacus League derived its name from the leader of the slave rebellion against the Romans. Its foremost members were Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht, with the former giving expression to the Spartacist position of opposition to the war, and a commitment to internationalism and mass action, in her Junius Pamphlet and Either-Or. Expelled from the SPD the Spartacists joined the newly formed Independent German Socialist Party (USPD). An uprising in January 1919 was blamed, incorrectly, on the Spartacus League, which along with other extreme left groups was then subject to repression, and Luxemburg and Liebknecht were murdered.See also Socialism.
Historical dictionary of Marxism. David Walker and Daniel Gray . 2014.